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不同柔软程度的兔毛有不同的作用

2020年01月22日

本场提供优质长毛兔种兔、长毛兔专用电动剪毛器、人工授精技术、饲料配方、兔场规划、新型兔笼、兔毛回收等一条龙服务。

兔毛纤维按其粗细、长短、弯曲形态和髓层的发达程度,可将兔毛纤维大体分为细毛(绒毛)、两型毛和粗毛(枪毛)3种类型。

 
  The rabbit hair fiber can be divided into 3 types, such as fine hair (Rong Mao), two type hair and coarse wool (gun hair), according to the thickness, length, curved shape and the developed degree of the pulp.
 
  两型毛是指单根毛纤维上有两种纤维类型。纤维的上半段平直无卷曲,髓质层发达,具有粗毛特征,纤维的下半段则较细,有不规则的卷曲,只由单排髓细胞组成,具有细毛特征。两型毛细度为15-30微米,平均23.11微米。在被毛中含量较少,一般仅占1%~5%。两型毛因粗细交接处直径相差很大,极易断裂,毛纺价值较低。
 
  Type two hair is a single wool fiber with two types of fiber. The upper part of the fiber is straight and without curl, the medulla layer is developed, it has the characteristics of coarse hair, the lower part of the fiber is fine, and it has irregular curls. It is only composed of single row of myelinated cells with fine hair characteristics. The size two is 15-30 microns, with an average of 23.11 microns. Less content in the coat, generally only 1% to 5%. The diameter of the two type of wool is quite different from that of the coarse and fine junction, so it is easy to break and the wool spinning value is low.
 
  细毛又称绒毛。是长毛兔被毛中最柔软纤细的毛纤维,呈波浪形弯曲,长5~12厘米,细度为7~30微米,平均为14.99微米,绒毛型兔的绒毛含量一般占被毛总量的80%~93%。绒毛型长毛兔的毛纤维质量,在很大程度上取决于细毛纤维的数量和质量,细毛在毛纺工业中适用于加工精纺产品如高档纯毛内衣、内裤和高级呢料等。
The fine hair is also called the villi. It is the most soft and fine wool fiber in the hairy rabbit. It is wavy, 5~12 cm long and 7~30 microns in fineness. The average amount is 14.99 microns. The villi of villous rabbit accounts for 80% to 93% of the total hair. The wool fiber quality of the villous long haired rabbit depends largely on the quantity and quality of the fine wool fibers. The fine wool is suitable for processing worsted products such as high-grade pure wool underwear, underwear and advanced woolen materials in the wool spinning industry.
 
  鳞片一般呈环状复叠式排列,鳞片端呈游离状。髓层由单层多角细胞点状纵向排列,因此,皮质层相对较厚。
 
  The scales are generally arranged in a circular pattern, and the scales are free. The medullary layer is arranged longitudinally from a single layer of polygonal cells, so the cortical layer is relatively thick.
 
  粗毛又称枪毛或针毛。是兔毛中纤维最长、最粗的一种,直、硬,光滑,无弯曲,长度10~17厘米,细度31~120微米,平均为47.77微米,一般仅占被毛总量的5%~10%,粗毛型兔可达18%以上。粗毛耐磨性强,具有保护绒毛、防止结毡的作用。根据毛纺工业和兔毛市场的需要,目前粗毛率的高低已成为长毛兔划分生产类型的一个重要性能指标,粗毛型兔毛,适用于粗纺,如生产一般毛衣。
 
  The coarse wool is also called the gun hair or the needle hair. It is the longest and thickest kind of fiber in rabbit hair. It is straight, hard, smooth and without bending. The length is 10~17 centimeters. The fineness is 31~120 microns. The average is 47.77 microns. Generally, it only accounts for 5% ~ 10% of the total amount of wool, and the rough haired rabbit can reach more than 18%. Coarse wool has strong abrasion resistance, and has the function of protecting villi and preventing felting. According to the needs of the wool textile industry and the rabbit hair market, the roughing rate has become an important performance index for the division of the production type of the long haired rabbit. The coarse haired rabbit hair is suitable for the coarse woolen, such as the production of the general sweater.
 
  本文的精彩内容来自长毛兔详细内容请点击我们的官方网站:http://www.myxinhua.com谢谢您的到来!
 
  The highlights of this article are from the long hair rabbit. Please click on our official website: http://www.myxinhua.com
 
 

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